Died at age 103 was Benjamin Ferencz, the last living Nuremberg prosecutor.April 9
Benjamin Ferencz, the last surviving prosecutor from the Nuremberg trials, has died aged 103. He was the Chief Prosecutor for the Einsatzgruppen trial, trying 22 Nazis for crimes against humanity. The Nuremberg trials were held by the Allies after Germany was defeated in 1945, with an aim to bring Nazis to justice for crimes committed during World War II. Ferencz was the first prosecutor to use the term “genocide” in a court of law, introducing the term in his opening statement. All the defendents were convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Ferencz was the first prosecutor to use the term “genocide” in a court of law, introducing the term in his opening statement.
The most important details in this text are the distinction between "law, not war" and the establishment of an International Criminal Court. For decades, Ferencz advocated for the establishment of an International Criminal Court and is considered one of the ICC’s founding fathers. In 2011, he delivered the closing statement for the prosecution at the ICC’s first trial, saying that the Court’s primary goal is to deter crimes before they take place by letting wrongdoers know in advance that they will be called to account by an impartial International Criminal Court. In an interview with CNN’s Christiane Amanpour last year, Ferencz said he was "heartbroken" by the war in Ukraine. He fought for justice his entire life, saying "to let the world continue to use [war] as an instrument of persuasion is so stupid and so incredible, that I simply can't stop doing it at the age of 103." He added that he was "not discouraged," and to "never give up, never give up, never give up." At the end of the interview, he asked for help to create a more